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Good night, Sleep tight, Don't let the bed bugs bite

As the bedbug problem arises all across the world, with the most known outbreak being in Paris, and recently in London, it would be informative to educate ourselves on these blood-sucking insects. Despite their names, they are not only found in beds. They can also commonly be found in places such as furniture and cracks in walls, and prefer to be in the dark.

Bedbugs are obligate blood-feeders, and have specialised mouth-feeders that pierce the skin in order to access and feed off the blood. One reason why we may not feel it when we get a bite is due to their saliva. Their saliva contains an anaesthetic which allows them to pierce the skin without being noticed. To better understand these creatures for effective pest control, we first need to study their behaviour and niche in ecology. These small insects are mainly nocturnal, and prefer to hide in nooks and crannies during the day. If we study their behavioural patterns, strategies for locating, preventing, and eliminating infestations would be more efficient. One reason we may need to do more research is due to the fact that bedbugs have developed resistance to many common pesticides, which emphasises their ability to evolve and strong will to survive, which can be explained by natural selection.

Not only are bed bugs annoying, they also pose potential health risks. Although they do not transmit disease directly, a bite from a bedbug can cause itching and allergic reactions. Bed bugs are attracted to the heat and carbon dioxide being exuded by warm-blooded animals. As bedbugs often feed on their hosts while they are asleep, this can affect the sleep quality and cause a disturbance. If this problem persists, a bedbug infestation may lead to mental health effects due to the stress and anxiety. A better understanding of their impact on human health can aid the development of better treatments and research.

Controlling bedbug infestations can be a stressful and difficult process, but you should always start by identifying the infestation, and cleaning the area around. Due to their particular anatomy of being flat bodied, they are able to hide in cracks without being seen. Another reason why it can be so difficult to get rid of these creatures is their high survivability. Though they are blood-sucking insects, they can go for months without feeding on a host. Additionally, during this time, female bed bugs may have reproduced rapidly, with hundreds of eggs so small that they go unnoticed.

Overall, these resilient nocturnal creatures cause us to be faced with the problem of eliminating them successfully. With their unnoticeable bites, oval-shaped bodies, we need to find more effective ways to get rid of them. Prevention is also a key step, which we can develop by researching further into their biology, including their rapid reproduction and resistance. We all need to play a role in staying educated and being proactive to achieve a bedbug-free environment and a restful night.

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